Type 38 Cavalry Rifle
A much rarer weapon, the Type 38 Cavalry Rifle was a shortened version of the Type 38 6.5x50mm rifle, also entering service in 1905. It was only 97 cm (38 in) long and weighed 3.3 kg (7.28 lb). This model was issued primarily to rear echelon troops, engineers and artillerymen. It was also use by Japanese horse cavalry units in China. Type 44 Cavalry Rifle
The Type 44 was a development of the Type 38 Cavalry rifle, also chambered in 6.5x50mm. The gun was of the same basic dimensions as the Type 38 Cavalry Rifle. Improvements included a folding spike bayonet and a compartment inside the buttstock which held a 2-piece cleaning rod. The Type 44 entered service in 1912. Although production ran from 1912 to 1942, only around 92,000 were manufactured. Hole in the buttstock used to house the cleaning rods.
Type 02 Airborne Rifle
This gun was a full-length version of the Type 99, but with a joint in the middle which allowed the gun to be taken apart into two pieces for airborne operations. The Japanese only created Airborne forces in September 1941. These rfiles were adopted by 1942.
The only combat drops made by Japanese airborne forces during the war were during the Dutch East Indies campaign, at Menado, Palembang and West Timor. Type 5 Rifle
One of the rarest of all rifles of the Second World War, this didn't stop DICE from giving it to the Japanese Army in Battlefield: 1942. This rifle was a semi-automatic, copied from captured M1 Garands.
The rifle varied from the Garand by having a box magazine below the receiver which held 10 rounds fed from stripper clips. The rifle used the 7.7x58mm cartridge from the Type 99. The gun was 43 inches long and weighed 9.13 lbs. The barrel accepted the Type 30 bayonet like other Japanese rifles.
Only 250 Type 5 rifles were ever built, all made in 1945, and only 100-130 ever saw combat. Type 100 Submachine Gun
In WW2 video games, this gun is to Japan what the MAS-38 is to France. It was a rare gun, with only 30,000 being made. It was only produced from 1942 to 1945. The gun was based on the German MP-18 design and was designed to replace Swiss Bergmann copy of the MP-18 then in service with Japanese troops.
The gun fired the 8x20mm Nambu pistol round from a 30 round box magazine. The round was of low power but the gun had a high rate of fire, low recoil and high accuracy. While the barrel of the gun was only 9 inches long, the receiver and stock made the total length 90 cm (35 in).
Some models of the Type 100 featured a bipod and others featured a flash suppressor. All models had a bayonet lug in keeping with Japanese emphasis on the bayonet when in hand to hand combat. An extremely rare version with a folding wooden stock was designed for paratroopers, around 100 were built.
The gun was used in China and the Philippines. It was also issued to troops in the Dutch East Indies and Malaya, amongst other places. It was also used by the Thai military. Captured guns were used by the Filipino and Chinese resistance. Type II Model A Machine Pistol
This 7.63mm SMG with a 50 round magazine was rejected by the Japanese Army in 1935. It was adopted by the Navy for naval infantry forces, and saw some combat in Shanghai and at other locations in China. Only found in very small numbers. Type 11 Light Machine Gun
Based on combat experience in the Russo-Japanese War and World War 1, the Type 11 was the first machine gun to be produced in Japan. It fired the 6.5x50mm Arisaka round, fed from a non-detachable 30 round hopper magazine. The hopper was fed with up to 6 5-round stripper clips from the Arisaka rifle, which were stacked on top of each other and fed through the side of the receiver. As one clip was fired, it was ejected out the botton and the next clip was loaded. This open system allowed interchangeability of ammunition with all members of a squad, however it also allowed dirt and debris to easily enter the gun and cause jams. This made the gun extremely unpopular with the troops.
First fielded in 1922, the Type 11 was still the primary light machine gun during the early stages of the war in China. Production ceased in 1941 and the gun was superseded by the Type 96 light machine gun, however, it remained in service until 1945. Type 96 Light Machine Gun
The most famous Japanese light machine gun, the Type 96 was based on the Czech ZB 26 design which had been captured in China. The Type 96 was a top-fed, air cooled light machine gun chambered in 6.5x50mm and fed from a 30 round box magazine. Improvements over the Type 11 included a rapid-change barrel and a box magazine. In true Japanese style, the Type 96 also mounted a bayonet lug.
Although it was far more reliable than the Type 11, the Type 96 suffered from firing cases becoming jammed in the chamber and not ejecting properly. To remedy this problem, an oil pump was placed in the magazine loading tool, however oiled greasy cartridges caused dust and sand to stick to them.
The Type 96 was produced from 1936 to 1945 and saw service in all areas where Japanese troops served. Type 97 Light Machine Gun
The Type 97 grew from Japanese requirements for a heavier machine gun, firing the 7.7x58mm cartridge. Top fed from a 20 round box magazine, the gun barrel easily overheated. It was first fielded in 1937 and was produced until the end of the war, with 18,000 being manufactured.
The Type 97 weighed a hefty 12.4 kg (27 lb). Because of its weight, it was commonly mounted on armored vehicles but was rarer as an infatry weapon. When used as an infantry weapon it was equipped with a bipod.
When mounted on vehicles, the Type 97 was often equipped with a 1.5x telescopic sight. The sight had rubbed padding around the eyepiece to prevent eye damage from the recoil. Type 99 Light Machine Gun
The Type 99 was a variation of the Type 96, chambered in 7.7x58mm fed from a 30 round magazine. This gun was fielded as a counterpart to the Type 99 rifle, also firing 7.7x58mm rounds, to ensure interchangability of ammunition. The Type 99 was fielded in 1939 and produced until 1945.
Like most Japanese infantry weapons, the Type 99 featured a bayonet lug. The Type 99 could also be equipped with a 2.5x scope, and it was often used as a squad marksman or sniper weapon.
A version for paratroopers with a folding stock and a forwards pistol grip was manufactured. The stock and grip were detached from the gun for the jump and then assembled after landing.